Deze plaats, ‘Tartarus’ wordt in sommige vertalingen (oa. de Herziene Statenvertaling) ook als ‘Hel’ weergegeven. Maar zoals de apostel Petrus en Judas hier duidelijk laat uitkomen, is dit de plaats waar de engelen, die zich voor de vloed materaliseerden en gemeenschap met vrouwen hadden, terecht komen. Hier verblijven ze tot de oordeelsdag.


"Denk ook aan de engelen die hun oorspronkelijke positie ontrouw werden en de hun toegewezen plaats verlieten: tot het oordeel op de grote dag houdt hij hen met onverbreekbare boeien in de onderwereld gevangen." Jud. 6

"Immers, God heeft zelfs engelen die gezondigd hadden niet gespaard maar hen in de Tartarus geworpen. Daar, in de diepste duisternis, blijven ze opgesloten om hun vonnis af te wachten." 2 Pet. 2:4 (NBV)


The angels transgressed this appointment and were captivated by love of women. And they begat children, who are those who are called demons. Justin Martyr (c. 160, E), 1.190.

Angels sinned and revolted from God. Justin Martyr (c. 160, E), 1.238. 

When the angels had transgressed, they fell to the earth for judgment. Irenaeus (c. 180, E/W), 1.481.

In the days of Noah, He justly brought on the Deluge for the purpose of extinguishing that most infamous race of men then existent, who could not bring forth fruit to God. For the angels who sinned had commingled with them. Irenaeus (c. 180, E/W), 1.516.

The Lord has said that there are certain angels of the devil, for whom eternal fire is prepared. Irenaeus (c. 180, E/W), 1.524.

He says, “But the angels who kept not their own pre-eminence . . . He has reserved these to the judgment of the great day, in chains, under darkness.” He means the place near the earth, that is, the dark air. Now, by chains, hemeans the loss of the honor in which they had stood and the lust of feeble things. Clement of Alexandria (c. 195, E), 2.573.

By means of this knowledge, you will escape the approaching threat of the fire of judgment and the sunless scenery of gloomy Tartarus, where there never shines a beam from the irradiating voice of the Word. You will also escape the boiling flood of Gehenna’s eternal lake of fire, and the eye ever fixed in menacing glare of the angels who are chained in Tartarus as punishment for their sins. And you will also escape the worm that endlessly coils for food around the body whose scum has bred it. Now these things you will avoid by being instructed in a knowledge of the true God. And you will possess an immortal body, even one placed beyond the possibility of corruption, just like the soul. And you will receive the kingdom of heaven. . . . And you will be a companion of God, and a co-heir with Christ, no longer enslaved by lusts or passions, or wasted by disease. For you will have become divine. . . . God has promised to bestow these things upon you, for you have been deified and begotten unto immortality. Hippolytus (c. 225, W), 5.153.

© OTR 2023